Creating and sharing your own Android Library

Reading time ~4 minutes

If you have ever thought of writing your own custom Android library for others to use or extend, and wonder how you could achieve that, then you can join me on this ride. In this post, I will be showing a step by step guide on how to create an Android library. I will also be showing you how to distribute your library through JitPack.

We will be creating a simple statistics library, that can be used to compute basic Arithmetic Mean, Median and Mode. To achieve this, we follow the steps below:

  • Create a new Android app that showcases the library
  • Create a new library module within the Android app
  • Write the code for your custom library
  • Add the library as a dependency to the project
  • Publish your library to Github
  • Setup to share your library with any other android project using Jitpack

Create a new Android project

Create a new Android project using the create new project wizard on Android studio. This project will be used to test your library and also for later showcasing it.

Alt create new android project

Create a new library module

Next is to create a new Android libraray module within the created Android app above.

Right-click the project new -> module then select Android Library.

Alt create new android project

Give your library a name on the next screen and click finish.

Alt create new android project

Once the project is done building, we should see our newly created module in the project.

Alt create new android project

Write library code

Our library for now will have just one class. Create this file in the java folder under the library module.

// contains functions to computer Arithmetic mean, median and mode

public class CentralTendency {
     * Computes the arithmetic mean of a set of numbers
     * @param numbers
     * @return
    public static Number arithmeticMean(Collection<? extends Number> numbers) {
        //check type of values
        Iterator<? extends Number> iterator = numbers.iterator();
        Number firstNumberInCollection =;

        if (firstNumberInCollection instanceof Integer) {
            return computeMeanInt(numbers);
        } else if (firstNumberInCollection instanceof Long) {
            return computeMeanLong(numbers);

        return computeMeanDouble(numbers);


     * computes arithmetic mean for a set of Integer values
     * @param numbers
     * @return
    private static Number computeMeanInt(Collection<? extends Number> numbers) {
        double result = 0;
        Iterator<? extends  Number> iterator = numbers.iterator();
        while (iterator.hasNext()) {
            result +=;
        return result/numbers.size();

Check this github repo for the complete code.

Add the library module as a dependency of the android project

Go to File -> Project Structure, click on the app module and select the Dependencies tab. Use the (+) icon at the bottom of the window to add a new module dependency. Select the newly created library.

Alt create new android project

Click the ok button when done. The dependency should be automatically added to the app module build.gradle file.

compile project(':statlib')

In the onCreate method of our MainActivity, we add the code to showcase this library.

ArrayList<Integer> numbers = new ArrayList<>();
Random r = new Random();

for (int i = 0; i < 15; i++) {

double mean = CentralTendency.arithmeticMean(numbers).doubleValue();
double median = CentralTendency.median(numbers);
ArrayList<Integer> mode = CentralTendency.mode(numbers);


String res = String.format("Numbers:\n\n%s\nMean: %.1f\nMedian: %.1f\nMode: %s\n",
                numbers, mean, median, mode);


Publish your library to Github

Now that our app is ready, we need to upload to Github. Init a git repository in the project root, create a new remote git repository on Github and push all committed codes to the remote repo. If you are not familiar with git, you can learn about git here.

Setup and share your library through Jitpack

Jitpack is an easy to use package repository for Git. It allows you share your library with anyone by just adding the dependency of your library to their projects. We need to setup our library for Jitpack by adding some few lines to our gradle files.

  • Add the android-maven plugin. In the root build.grade file, add:
buildscript {
 dependencies {
  classpath 'com.github.dcendents:android-maven-gradle-plugin:1.3'
  • In the library module build.gradle file, add the following below the first apply plugin line:
apply plugin: ''  

  • Create a Github release or add a TAG In the project root, run the command below to create v1.0 tag for newly created library:
git tag -a v1.0 -m “statlib version 1.0”
git push origin v1.0
  • Ensure that you have Gradle Wrapper in your repository. If you don’t then create it using the command gradle wrapper and commit it. When this is done, run this command in the project root:
./gradlew install

This will install this library in the local maven repository ($HOME/.m2/repository).

  • If the build is successful and the project has also been uploded to Github, go to this jitpack url:
//Replace User with your Github username, and Repo with your library repo name

On the website, select the release you would like to share by clicking the Get It button next to the list of releases of your repository.

Add a README file

Automatically, Github looks for a file names in the root of your project and displays it below. At minimum, the README file should contain the following:

  • A badge with the status of your library repository.
  • A line describing how your library can be added to an android project.
  • Sample code showing how to use the library.
  • Finally, the library license usage. Check out this link for sample open source licensing.


AnimatedVectorDrawable XML Bundles

Creating AnimatedVectorDrawable XML resource using a single XML file Continue reading

Android support Annotations

Published on August 22, 2016

Bottom Sheets in Android

Published on June 29, 2016